Robert J. Dole Institute of Politics

The Dole Legacy: Leadership in the U.S. Senate

The oral histories provided here cover the entirety of Senator Dole’s career. Details about his early and war years as well as his four national campaigns have been well-recorded in other writings. To complement these, the focus of these oral history interviews is on Dole's leadership style (particularly as Senate Finance Chairman and Republican Senate Leader) and on his principal legislative accomplishments.
More Details about these Oral Histories

Project Background

This phase of the Dole Institute Oral History Project was conducted from 2007-2009. It was conceived of and planned by Dole Institute Director Bill Lacy, in collaboration with Dole Institute Senior Archivist Jean Bischoff.

The primary goal of this phase was to document his leadership style, with an emphasis on issues and legislation during the Senate years (1968-1996) on which Senator Dole's impact was critical and which had an effect on the national political landscape.

Interviews were conducted by Principal Historian Richard Norton Smith and Project Manager and Historian Brien R. Williams. Interviewees include Senator Dole, Senate and House colleagues, key staffers and aides, high-ranking campaign personnel, and others critical to Senator Dole's political activities.

Accessing the Oral Histories

Most of the oral histories can be accessed on this page. Streaming video is available for many interviews, and streaming audio is available for the remainder. Transcripts are available for most of the interviews and are available here for download in PDF format. If you have trouble accessing any of these files, please feel free to contact us, and we will help find a solution.

Audio versions of all interviews are available for download in MP3 format.
Subscribe to the podcast of the oral history interviews: (RSS feed) | (iTunes link)

For more information about the Oral History Project, or to do a full text search of the transcripts, please review the finding aid for the collection.

Use of the Oral Histories

These oral history transcripts may be read, quoted from, cited, and reproduced for purposes of research. They may not be published in full except with permission of the Dole Archives.

Preferred Citation: Oral History Interview with [interviewee's name], [date of interview], The Dole Institute Oral History Project, Robert J. Dole Archives and Special Collections, University of Kansas.

List all interviewees
  • Richard Armitage
  • Senator Bill Armstrong
  • Sheila C. Bair
  • Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr.
  • Secretary James Baker III
  • Michael Baroody
  • Berl Bernhard
  • Senator Bill Brock
  • Sheila Burke
  • President George H.W. Bush
  • Senator Thad Cochran
  • Senator Al D'Amato
  • Senator Tom Daschle
  • Rod DeArment
  • Senator Bob Dole
  • Robert Dove
  • Robert L. Downen
  • Robert Ellsworth
  • Lewis L. "Lew" Ferguson
  • Mike Glassner
  • Secretary Dan Glickman
  • Senator Charles Grassley
  • Howard O. Greene
  • Alan Greenspan
  • Judy Harbaugh
  • Senator Tom Harkin
  • G. Willard Hoagland
  • Senator Daniel K. Inouye
  • Senator Nancy Kassebaum-Baker
  • Representative Jack Kemp
  • Noel Koch
  • Tom Korologos
  • Bill Lacy
  • Bob Lighthizer
  • Senator Trent Lott
  • Joyce McCluney
  • Fred McClure
  • Senator George McGovern
  • Betty Meyer
  • Representative Bob Michel
  • Senator George Mitchell
  • Vice President Walter Mondale
  • Senator Don Nickles
  • Sam Nunn
  • Dave Owen
  • Senator Bob Packwood
  • Mike Pettit
  • Scott Reed
  • Scott Richardson
  • Walt Riker
  • Senator Pat Roberts
  • Dave Rogers
  • Representative Dan Rostenkowski
  • Dr. Bill Roy
  • Senator Warren Rudman
  • Katharine Seelye
  • Senator Alan Simpson
  • Representative Jim Slattery
  • Dr. Richard Norton Smith
  • Bill Taggart
  • Kerry Tymchuk
  • Kim Wells
  • Governor Pete Wilson
Richard Armitage

Richard Armitage

Armitage has served in many governmental sectors including as Assistant Secretary of Defense for President Reagan and Deputy Secretary of State under President George W. Bush. He served as Administrative Assistant for Senator Dole (1978-1980).
6/19/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:55:32)     
Richard Armitage
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Armitage talks about Senator Dole's personality, humor and governing style, including Dole's 1974 Senate campaign, changes in the Senate, Nancy Kassebaum and other topics.
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Senator Bill Armstrong

Senator Bill Armstrong

Armstrong served as a U.S. Representative (1973-1979) and a U.S. Senator (1979-1991) from Colorado.
4/2/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:58:27)     
Senator Bill Armstrong
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Armstrong talks about the role of government, religion in the Senate and the House of Representatives, tax policy and other topics.
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Sheila C. Bair

Sheila C. Bair

Bair served as the Chairperson of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) (2006-2011). Her many other governmental positions include Assistant Secretary for Financial Institutions at the U.S. Treasury Department (2001-2002), Senior Vice President for Government Relations of the New York Stock Exchange (1995-2000), and commissioner and Acting Chair of the Commodity Futures Tradition Commission (1991-1995). She served as Senator Dole’s Research Director and Counsel (1981-1988) and on his 1988 Presidential campaign.
12/17/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:05:32)     
Sheila C. Bair
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Bair talks about the Voting Rights Act of 1982, Supreme Court nominations, 1988 Republican Primary and other topics.
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Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr.

Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr.

Baker’s many positions included Senate Minority Leader (1977-1981), Senate Majority Leader (1981-1985), White House Chief of Staff (1987-1988), and Ambassador to Japan (2001-2005). He worked very closely with Senator Dole and was the recipient of the 2006 Dole Leadership Prize.
5/21/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:57:45)     
Senator Howard H. Baker, Jr.
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Baker talks about his experiences with Bob Dole, unwritten procedures of the Senate, the role of the Majority Leader, Nixon and other topics.
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Secretary James Baker III

Secretary James Baker III

Baker served as White House Chief of Staff for President Reagan (1981-1985) and President H.W. Bush (1992-1993). He also served as U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (1985-1988) and as Secretary of State (1985-1988). He worked closely with Senator Dole, especially during the 1991 Gulf War.
5/21/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:53:08)     
Secretary James Baker III
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Baker talks about Bob Dole's campaigns in 1976, 1980, 1988, and 1996.
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Michael Baroody

Michael Baroody

Baroody served as Senator Dole’s speechwriter and executive assistant. He has also held positions for the Republican National Committee, Reagan White House, and the Department of Labor under Presidents Reagan and H.W. Bush.
2/6/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:23:18)     
Michael Baroody
In this 2008 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Baroody talks about his experiences with Bob Dole, the Republican National Committee, the political consequences of Watergate, and other topics.
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Berl Bernhard

Berl Bernhard

Bernhard served as U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Staff Director under President Kennedy. He also served as senior advisor to Secretary of State Edmund S. Muskie (1980-1981) and was his presidential campaign manager (1971-1972).
11/29/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:14:12)     
Berl Bernhard
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Bernhard talks about the Federal Election Committee, the 1996 Presidential election, the Republican Party and other topics.
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Senator Bill Brock

Senator Bill Brock

Brock served as U.S. Representative (1963-1971) and U.S. Senator (1971-1977) from Tennessee. He was the Chairman of the latter part of Dole's 1988 Presidential campaign.
6/26/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:25:23)     
Senator Bill Brock
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Brock discusses the Republican party's platform; Presidents Nixon, Ford and Reagan; the Ford/Dole 1976 campaign and Dole's 1996 campaign, and other topics.
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Sheila Burke

Sheila Burke

Burke has worked on the Senate Finance Committee, and she served as Senator Dole’s Chief of Staff (1986-1996). She was appointed as Secretary of Senate in 1995.
8/30/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:56:25)     
Sheila Burke
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Burke talks about Dole's legislative staff, the benefits of majority, her role in Senate Finance Committee and the Senate Healthcare Subcommittee, the Dole/Kemp 1996 presidential campaign and other topics.
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12/11/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:17:39)     
Sheila Burke
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Burke talks about general party politics, changes in Congressional politicking, the Dole/Kemp 1996 presidential campaign and other topics.
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President George H.W. Bush

President George H.W. Bush

Bush served as President of the United States (1989-1993), Vice President of the United States (1981-1989), as well as numerous other government roles. Dole ran against him in the 1988 Presidential Republican primary contest and supported him throughout his Presidency.
6/1/2007 - Oral History Interview (6:42)     
President George H.W. Bush
In this short 2007 interview, President George H. W. Bush recalls his 1988 Presidential campaign, in which he campaigned against Senator Bob Dole (R-KA) for the Republican party ticket. He goes on to talk about the role that Dole played during his Presidency, particularly with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), Desert Storm, and the 1990 budget agreement.
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Senator Thad Cochran

Senator Thad Cochran

Cochran served as a U.S. Representative (1973-1978) and has served as the U.S. Senator from Mississippi since 1978. He was one of Dole's close allies, especially during the 1996 Presidential campaign.
4/10/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:02:22)     
Senator Thad Cochran
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Cochran discusses his experiences with Bob Dole, the Americans with Disabilities Act, the Senate Agriculture Committee, the Senate, and other topics.
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Senator Al D'Amato

Senator Al D'Amato

D’Amato served as U.S. Senator from New York (1981-1999). He was one of Dole's close allies, especially during the 1996 Presidential campaign.
12/8/2007 - Oral History Interview (41:38)     
Senator Al D'Amato
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, D'Amato talks about his experiences with Bob Dole, differences in the U.S. House and Senate, changes in the Republican Party, and other topics.
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Senator Tom Daschle

Senator Tom Daschle

Daschle was a U.S. Representative (1979-1987) and U.S. Senator from South Dakota (1987-2005). He served as both Majority and Minority Leader during his tenure in the Senate and worked closely with Dole in these roles.
5/25/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:00:50)     
Senator Tom Daschle
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Daschle talks about his experiences with Bob Dole, changes in politics and the Republican party, bipartisanship, the Dole/Kemp 1996 Presidential Campaign and other topics.
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Rod DeArment

Rod DeArment

DeArment was Chief of Staff for Senate Majority Leader Dole, (1985-1986). Prior to that position, he held numerous positions on the Senate Committee on Finance.
3/1/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:51:35)     
Rod DeArment
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, DeArment talks about his experiences with Bob Dole, Senate committee Staffs, the process of legislating, Dole's 1988 and 1996 Presidential campaigns, and other topics.
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4/13/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:27:35)     
Rod DeArment
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, DeArment talks about his experiences with Bob Dole, Newt Gingrich, tax reform (TEFRA and other plans) and other topics.
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8/17/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:30:36)     
Rod DeArment
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, DeArment talks about his experiences with Bob Dole, the 1996 Presidential campaign (Vice-Presidential vetting, right wing Republicans, Clinton's victory), Dole's life after the 1996 election, and other topics.
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Senator Bob Dole

Senator Bob Dole

Senator Bob Dole served in the U.S. Congress for 35 years for the state of Kansas. He is the longest serving Republican Leader to date, the 1996 Republican Nominee for President, and President Ford’s Vice-Presidential candidate in 1976.
5/11/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:58:32)     
Senator Bob Dole
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Senator Bob Dole talks about getting his start in politics, the role of government, and the outlook for the Republican party.
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6/22/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:06:51)     
Senator Bob Dole
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Dole talks about his early career, including his start in the Senate, his period as RNC Chairman, Watergate, the 1974 Senate race, abortion, President Ford and other topics.
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7/13/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:49:54)     
Senator Bob Dole
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Dole talks about his experiences in the Senate, including Supreme Court nominations, relationships among Senators, C-SPAN, and other topics.
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9/7/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:38:34)     
Senator Bob Dole
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Dole talks about the 1976 Ford/Dole Presidential campaign, the WWII memorial and the Honor Flight program, partisanship and party lines, President Nixon and other topics.
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10/16/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:20:04)     
Senator Bob Dole
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Dole talks about Reagan-era issues, including supply-side economics, Social Security reform, the White House staff, Dole's role as Majority Leader in the Senate, and other topics.
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12/14/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:31:51)     
Senator Bob Dole
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Senator Bob Dole talks about the Republican primary of 1988, the ADA, supply-side economics, and the 2008 Presidential candidates.
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Robert Dove

Robert Dove

Dove served on the staff of Senator Dole (1987-1995). He has also served as the Parliamentarian of the U.S. Senate (1981-1987 and 1995-2001).
3/27/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:52:05)     
Robert Dove
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Dove talks about the responsibilities of a Parliamentarian, Senate procedures, and the introduction of C-SPAN.
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Robert L. Downen

Robert L. Downen

Robert L. Downen, native Kansan, was a Legislative Aide on Senator Dole’s personal staff from 1973 to 1979, handling both domestic and foreign policy issues. His 40-year professional career in Washington, DC, included service with the U.S. Department of State, the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), and several political consulting firms. He retired from government service in 2013.
12/27/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:33:07)     
Robert L. Downen
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Downen talks about Watergate, the Ford/Dole 1976 Presidential Campaign, and the Carter Administration's foreign policy.
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Robert Ellsworth

Robert Ellsworth

Ellsworth served as a U.S. Representative from Kansas (1961-1967), U.S. Permanent Representative to NATO (1969-1971), and as an assistant to President Nixon. He also served as Deputy Secretary of Defense (1975-1977). He was a close friend of Dole's and chaired his 1988 Presidential campaign.
8/8/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:56:11)     
Robert Ellsworth
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Ellsworth talks about Dole's start in politics, personal life, and Republican National Committee leadership.
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Lewis L.

Lewis L. "Lew" Ferguson

Ferguson was a Kansas reporter for the Associated Press and a top political journalist in the state for a long time. He covered much of Dole's career in Kansas.
4/19/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:31:45)     
Lewis L.
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Ferguson talks about his time covering Dole's political career, the changing journalism industry, and the Kansas political scene.
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Mike Glassner

Mike Glassner

Glassner served as travel aide (1987-1995), Senate Campaign manager (1992) and Senior Advisor to Senator Dole (1995 to 2000). He was also Director of Vice Presidential Operations for 2008 McCain/Palin campaign.
3/18/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:56:47)     
Mike Glassner
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Glassner talks about helping Senator Dole handle constituent relations, working on campaigns, and the Senator's personality.
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Secretary Dan Glickman

Secretary Dan Glickman

Glickman served as U.S. Representative from Kansas (1977-1995) and U.S. Secretary of Agriculture (1995-2001). He then became the Chairman and CEO of the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) (2004-2010).
6/22/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:04:55)     
Secretary Dan Glickman
In this oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Glickman talks about dirty tactics on the campaign trail, the National Intelligence Committee, and political theory.
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Senator Charles

Senator Charles "Chuck" Grassley

Grassley served as a U.S. Representative from Iowa (1974-1981). Since 1981, he has served as a U.S. Senator. He was a close friend and adviser to Dole, especially during the 1988 and 1996 campaigns.
5/23/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:49:45)     
Senator Charles
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Grassley talks about Senator Dole's work on Social Security reform and the legislative process in the Senate.
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Howard O. Greene

Howard O. Greene

Greene worked as Secretary of the Majority/Minority for Howard Baker and Bob Dole, and was Sergeant at Arms of the Senate until 1996.
7/11/2007 - Oral History Interview (2:55:38)     
Howard O. Greene
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Greene talks about the differences between working as Secretary of the Majority and of the Minority, Dole's role as Nixon's hatchet man, and the Senator's work ethic.
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Alan Greenspan

Alan Greenspan

Greenspan served as Chairman of the U.S. Federal Reserve (1987-2006). He was the head of the Greenspan Commission (The National Commission on Social Security Reform), on which Dole served.
12/14/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:01:40)     
Alan Greenspan
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Greenspan talks about negative campaigns, lack of leadership in the legislative process, and his interactions with Senator Dole and Ronald Reagan.
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Judy Harbaugh

Judy Harbaugh

Harbaugh served as Dole's personal assistant for many years in the Senate. She also worked on scheduling during his 1988 Presidential campaign.
3/18/2008 - Oral History Interview (2:31:42)     
Judy Harbaugh
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Harbaugh talks about Bob Dole's work in regards to the Vietnam war, work ethic, and the 1988 Republican Presidential Primary.
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Senator Tom Harkin

Senator Tom Harkin

Harkin served as a U.S. Representative from Iowa (1975-1985). Since 1985, he has served as a U.S. Senator.
1/30/2008 - Oral History Interview (0:36:40)     
Senator Tom Harkin
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Harkin talks about Senator Dole's role in the passing of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the government debt, and farm policy.
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G. Willard Hoagland

G. Willard Hoagland

Hoagland is an agricultural economist who worked on Dole's agriculture staff, primarily focused on food stamp programs.
12/4/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:11:30)     
G. Willard Hoagland
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Hoagland talks about the Senate Agricultural Committee, food subsidies, supply-side economics, and government spending.
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Senator Daniel K. Inouye

Senator Daniel K. Inouye

Inouye was the second-longest serving U.S. Senator in history serving from 1963 until his death in 2012. He also served as a U.S. Representative (1959-1963). He also served as a Captain in the U.S. Army during World War II where he and Dole first met and became friends.
2/11/2008 - Oral History Interview (0:49:04)     
Senator Daniel K. Inouye
In this 2008 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Inouye talks about meeting Senator Dole in the Hart Military Hospital, and specific role of the Senate in government in comparison to the House or the Presidency.
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Senator Nancy Kassebaum-Baker

Senator Nancy Kassebaum-Baker

Baker represented Kansas in the U.S. Senate (1978-1997). She was the first female senator not elected to a seat held by her husband nor appointed to fill out a deceased husband’s term.
4/16/2009 - Oral History Interview (1:16:09)     
Senator Nancy Kassebaum-Baker
In this 2009 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Kassebaum-Baker talks about Senator Dole's work ethic and the issues of abortion, the Panama Canal, and wheat subsidies on the campaign trail.
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Representative Jack Kemp

Representative Jack Kemp

Kemp was a professional football star who was the Republican Vice Presidential Candidate for Bob Dole’s 1996 presidential run. He also served as a U.S. Representative from New York (1971-1989) and as Secretary of Housing and Urban Development (1989-1993).
5/23/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:58:17)     
Representative Jack Kemp
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Kemp talks about the rise of supply-side economics, John F. Kennedy's tax cuts over Republican objections, and Newt Gingrich's government shutdown.
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kemp_jack_2007-05-23
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Noel Koch

Noel Koch

Koch was a speechwriter for Senator Dole. He also worked on the 1976 Ford-Dole presidential campaign as well as Senator Dole’s run for president in 1980. He has held many positions in government including the Department of Defense and the Nixon White House.
2/20/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:38:49)     
Noel Koch
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Koch talks about Dole's bid for Vice President in 1976, the Watergate scandal, and Dole's role as "hatchet man" for President Nixon.
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Tom Korologos

Tom Korologos

Korologos served as senior advisor to Senator Dole on his 1996 presidential campaign. He also served in the Nixon and Ford Administrations in the capacity of Deputy Assistant to the President for Legislative Affairs.
4/11/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:45:03)     
Tom Korologos
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Korologos talks about Senator Dole's work as RNC Chairman, the 1996 Presidential campaign, and Watergate.
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Bill Lacy

Bill Lacy

Lacy was a Republican strategist who worked on campaigns for Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush, and Senator Dole. He is currently the Director of the Dole Institute.
6/18/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:32:42)     
Bill Lacy
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Lacy talks about his own political career, being interviewed by Dole for the position of campaign director, and working the campaign trail.
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6/19/2008 - Oral History Interview (0:46:13)     
Bill Lacy
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Lacy talks about Dole's 1996 Presidential campaign, Dole's personality and legacy, and the changing nature of politics.
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Bob Lighthizer

Bob Lighthizer

Lighthizer served as the treasurer for the 1996 Dole/Kemp presidential campaign. He also was Chief of Staff of the Senate committee on Finance. He also served as a deputy US Trade Representative during the Reagan Administration and vice chairman of the board of Overseas Private Investment Corporation.
10/18/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:49:12)     
Bob Lighthizer
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Lighthizer talks about working for the Senate Finance Committee, the 1988 Dole Presidential Campaign, and Jimmy Carter's Presidency.
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Senator Trent Lott

Senator Trent Lott

Lott was a U.S. Congressman (1973-1989) and a U.S. Senator (1989-2007). He served in many leadership positions in the House of Representatives and Senate including House Minority Whip, Senate Majority Whip, Senate Minority Whip, Senate Majority Leader, and Senate Minority Leader.
6/20/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:32:12)     
Senator Trent Lott
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Lott talks about changes in partisanship in the Senate and the role of government.
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Joyce McCluney

Joyce McCluney

McCluney was appointed as Deputy Sergeant at Arms in 1995. Prior to that, she worked for the Senate Finance Committee, the White House, the Commerce Department, and the State Department. She served as office manager for Senator Dole’s leadership offices (1985-1994).
1/23/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:37:01)     
Joyce McCluney
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, McCluney talks about working in Bob Dole's office, the Dole Institute, and working on the Senate Finance Committee.
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Fred McClure

Fred McClure

McClure served in the Reagan and the George H.W. Bush presidential administrations, as Legislative Director for Senator John Tower, and as Associate Deputy U.S. Attorney General.
11/30/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:38:31)     
Fred McClure
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, McClure talks about the 1995 government shutdown, the role of expanding media, the Americans with Disabilities Act, and the Gulf War.
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Senator George McGovern

Senator George McGovern

In 1961, President John F. Kennedy appointed McGovern as the first director of the Food for Peace program, marking the start of McGovern’s work to help people suffering from malnourishment across the world. McGovern reached across the aisle in Washington to gain bipartisan support for several pieces of legislation to fund programs still prominent today. Dole was involved with many of the programs initiated by McGovern, including the restructuring of the Food Stamp program, the World Food Programme, and the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization. McGovern served as a U.S Representative (1957-1961) and U.S. Senator (1963-1981) from South Dakota. He was also the Democratic nominee for President in 1972.
7/13/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:55:14)     
Senator George McGovern
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, George McGovern talks about obstructionism in the Senate, his interactions with Bob Dole, and nutrition programs.
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Betty Meyer

Betty Meyer

Meyer worked on Bob Dole's staff in positions including personal secretary and legislative correspondent.
11/25/2007 - Oral History Interview (2:19:36)     
Betty Meyer
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Meyer talks about her fond memories of working for Bob Dole, what it means to "be presidential," and the campaign trail.
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Representative Bob Michel

Representative Bob Michel

Michel served as a U.S. Representative from Illinois (1957-1995). He served as House Minority Whip (1975-1981) and House Minority Leader (1981-1995).
4/11/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:31:04)     
Representative Bob Michel
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Michel talks about his upbringing, work as Whip, the Gulf War, and Robert Byrd.
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Senator George Mitchell

Senator George Mitchell

Mitchell served as a U.S. Senator from Maine (1980-1995). He was Senate Majority Leader (1989-1995). He also served as U.S. Special Envoy for Northern Ireland (1995-2001), and U.S. Special Envoy for Middle East Peace (2009-2011).
4/24/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:30:31)     
Senator George Mitchell
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, George Mitchell talks about his time in the Senate with Bob Dole, the Gulf War, and the legacy of George H.W. Bush.
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Vice President Walter Mondale

Vice President Walter Mondale

Mondale was a U.S. Senator from Minnesota (1964-1976), Vice President of the United States (1977-1981), and the 1984 Democratic nominee for President. He also served as U.S. Ambassador to Japan (1993-1996).
11/25/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:03:40)     
Vice President Walter Mondale
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Mondale talks about the breakdown in accountability under George W. Bush, Senator Dole's nutrition programs, supply-side economics, and the Panama Canal.
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mondale_walter_2007-11-28
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Senator Don Nickles

Senator Don Nickles

Nickles served as U.S Senator from Oklahoma (1981-2005). He was Senate Minority/Majority Whip (1996-2003).
3/27/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:02:16)     
Senator Don Nickles
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Nickles talks about Senator Dole's Eastern Europe policies, the 1996 Presidential campaign, and tax reform.
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nickles_don_2007-03-27
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nickles_don_2007-03-27
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Sam Nunn

Senator Sam Nunn

Nunn served as a U.S. Senator from Georgia (1972-1997). He has been nominated multiple times for the Nobel Peace Prize.
12/16/2008 - Oral History Interview (0:32:36)     
Sam Nunn
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Nunn talks about the role of relationships in politics, the transformation of the Senate, and political theory.
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nunn_sam_2008-12-16
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Dave Owen

Dave Owen

Owen served as Kansas Lieutenant Governor (1973--1974), state senator, Senator Bob Dole's close associate and campaign manager (1974). He was credited with turning Dole's 1974 Senate campaign around for a close win.
4/20/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:51:32)     
Dave Owen
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Owen talks about his family's move to Kansas, his beginnings in politics, and running Bob Dole's Vice Presidential campaign.
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Senator Bob Packwood

Senator Bob Packwood

Packwood served as U.S. Senator from Oregon (1969-1995).
7/20/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:52:34)     
Senator Bob Packwood
In this 2008 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Packwood talks about hierarchy and procedures in the Senate, working with Senator Dole, and campaign financing.
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packwood_bob_2007-07-20
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Mike Pettit

Mike Pettit

Pettit served as Administrative Assistant to Senator Dole (1981-1987). He also served as adviser to Senator Dole’s presidential campaigns (1988-1996).
2/20/2008 - Oral History Interview (0:58:43)     
Mike Pettit
In this 2008 oral history with Brien R. Williams, Mike Pettit talks about his time working for Bob Dole, including the Senator's work ethic and relationship with his staff.
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4/1/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:46:30)     
Mike Pettit
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Pettit talks about Dole's campaign strategy, his foreign policy, and the leadership of Ronald Reagan.
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Scott Reed

Scott Reed

Reed managed Senator Dole’s 1996 presidential campaign.
11/8/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:58:01)     
Scott Reed
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Reed talks about Dole's time as Senate Majority Leader and the 1996 Dole/Kemp Presidential campaign.
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reed_scott_2007-11-08
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Scott Richardson

Scott Richardson

Richardson was a staff member for Senator Dole for six years in the 1980s and he primarily served as a press aide.
4/17/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:34:40)     
Scott Richardson
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Scott Richardson talks about Bob Dole's personality, Reagan's Tax Policy, and the effects of the media on politics.
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richardson_scott_2007-04-17
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Walt Riker

Walt Riker

Riker served as Senator Dole’s Press Secretary (1981-1993).
3/12/2008 - Oral History Interview (2:10:32)     
Walt Riker
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Riker talks about his relationship with Bob Dole and the Senator's work ethic, humor, and legacy.
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riker_walt_2008-03-12
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Pat Roberts

Senator Pat Roberts

Roberts has served as Senator from Kansas since 1997. He has served as member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Kansas (1981-1997), Chairman of the House Committee on Agriculture (1995-1997), Chairman of the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence (2003-2007), and other governmental roles.
5/11/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:46:03)     
Pat Roberts
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Roberts discusses many important aspects of Dole's political career, partisanship in contemporary politics, the relationship between the House and the Senate, and other topics.
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roberts_pat_2007-05-11
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Dave Rogers

Dave Rogers

Rodgers was a Congressional correspondent for the Boston Globe.
4/5/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:49:17)     
Dave Rogers
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Dave Rodgers talks about his investigative reporting, the media coverage of John F. Kennedy, the course of the Republican party, and deficit negotiations.
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Representative Dan Rostenkowski

Representative Dan Rostenkowski

Rostenkowski was a Representative from Illinois (1959-1995) and served as the Chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee (1981-1994).
4/1/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:08:25)     
Representative Dan Rostenkowski
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Dan Rostenkowski talks about his relationship with Bob Dole, the importance of election demographics, and the stigma surrounding the legislative process.
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Dr. Bill Roy

Dr. Bill Roy

Dr. Roy was a Representative from Kansas (1971-1975). He challenged Senator Dole for his seat in 1974 but lost narrowly.
4/8/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:06:08)     
Dr. Bill Roy
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Bill Roy talks about his experience on the campaign trail, interactions with Bob Dole, and healthcare reform.
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Senator Warren Rudman

Senator Warren Rudman

Rudman served as a U.S. Senator (1980-1993). He was a close friend of Dole's and served as advisor on his 1996 Presidential campaign.
12/12/2007 - Oral History Interview (0:22:48)     
Senator Warren Rudman
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Warren Rudman talks about Bob Dole's personality, leadership style, and legacy.
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Katharine Seelye

Katharine Seelye

Seelye has covered a number of campaigns for The New York Times including Bill Clinton, Al Gore, and Bob Dole in 1996.
12/2/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:49:33)     
Katharine Seelye
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Katharine Seelye talks about the 1996 Presidential campaign, Senator Dole's unscripted speaking style and his attitude toward the media.
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Senator Alan Simpson

Senator Alan Simpson

Simpson served as a U.S. Senator from Wyoming (1979-1997). He also served as Majority/Minority Whip (1985-1995). He recently served as Chairperson of the National Commission on Fiscal Responsibility and Reform with Senator Erskine Bowles.
10/9/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:31:04)     
Senator Alan Simpson
In this 2007 oral history interview with Richard Norton Smith, Alan Simpson talks about his interactions with Bob Dole, the influence of the Religious Right, and changes in citizens' trust in the Senate.
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Representative Jim Slattery

Representative Jim Slattery

Slattery was a U.S. Representative from Kansas (1983-1995) and a close friend of Dole's.
4/26/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:21:11)     
Representative Jim Slattery
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Rep. Jim Slattery talks about the beginning of his political career, the first Clinton Administration, the 1974 Kansas Senate race, and the Iran Contra affair.
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Dr. Richard Norton Smith

Dr. Richard Norton Smith

Smith was a former speechwriter for Senator Dole. He is also a historian who has written many books on U.S. presidents. He has worked on updating many presidential libraries including the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library, Dwight. D. Eisenhower Center, and Gerald R. Ford Museum. He also served as Director of the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library and Museum. He was Director of the Dole Institute of Politics (2001-2003).
6/4/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:51:03)     
Dr. Richard Norton Smith
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Richard Norton Smith talks about his time writing speeches for Bob Dole, mistakes made on the campaign trail, and the 1996 Presidential campaign.
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smith_richard_norton_2008-06-04
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Bill Taggart

Bill Taggart

Taggart was an advisor to Bob Dole in his U.S. House, Senate, Vice Presidential, and Presidential campaigns. In 1969, he became Senator Dole’s agriculture legislative assistant.
7/18/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:51:43)     
Bill Taggart
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Bill Taggart talks about his upringing, his time on Dole's personal staff and agricultural issues.
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taggart_bill_2007-07-18
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taggart_bill_2007-07-18
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Kerry Tymchuk

Kerry Tymchuk

Tymchuk was a speechwriter for Senator Dole and for his 1996 presidential campaign.
2/5/2008 - Oral History Interview (1:18:23)     
Kerry Tymchuk
In this 2008 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Kerry Tymchuk talks about his time working with Bob Dole and the importance of humility and truthfulness in politics.
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tymchuk_kerry_2008-02-05
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Kim Wells

Kim Wells

Wells served as Kansas Republican State Party Central Committee Chair (1991-1995). He also served as an aide to Senator Dole in the 1970s and as an informal advisor on several of Dole's campaigns.
4/18/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:25:25)     
Kim Wells
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Kim Wells talks about his time working as a legislative assistant for Bob Dole, including Dole's campaign style, farm policy, and nutrition programs.
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Governor Pete Wilson

Governor Pete Wilson

Wilson served as Mayor of San Diego (1971-1983), U.S. Senator from California (1983-1991), and Governor of California (1991-1999).
10/26/2007 - Oral History Interview (1:44:13)     
Governor Pete Wilson
In this 2007 oral history interview with Brien R. Williams, Pete Wilson talks about working with Senator Dole, and remarks on former Presidents Ronald Reagan and George H.W. Bush.
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The Dole Institute Oral History Project was funded through generous support from the Andreas Family Foundation.

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